DFN: Been to the top of "El Castillo"; four paths up, one on each side, 91 steps on each staircase, the 365 step, is shared by all four staircases. Two sides were closed when we were there (2005); all sides were closed shortly afterwards, due to the death of a tourist falling down the stairs. One, of the starirs, at the base, is a door that you can arrange to enter, and go up inside the pyramid, using an inner stair case, leads to a throne at the top of the stairs.
The mystery of the Mayan pyramids
Friday, January 1, 2010
Many of the Mayan pyramids in Mexico were built so that the sound of footsteps when climbing stairs creating "the music of raindrops." Perhaps the Maya were trying way to communicate with the god of rain.
Scientists have long known about the distinctive sound of steps on the stairs of the pyramid Kukulkan, located in the ancient city of Chichen Itza. When people climb the monumental stairs up to the steps near the top of buildings resemble the sound of falling into a bucket of water raindrops.
The question of why the stairs sounds exactly what I sought the ancient builders of the effect of raindrops on purpose, remained still unresolved. Opening of "Rain Music" on the other pyramid has prompted researchers to suggest that at least some of the pyramids in Mexico, specially built to create such "music".
How did "Rain Music"?
Problems addressed by Jorge Antonio Cruz Calleja (Jorge Antonio Cruz Calleja) of the professional school of mechanical and electrical engineering industries in Mexico City, as well as Nico De Clercq (Nico Declercq) from the Institute of Technology in Georgia. They compared the frequency of sounds produced by rising pyramid of Kukulkan at people, with a frequency sounds of the pyramid of the moon in ancient Teotihuacan. These two pyramids are different in design – pyramid of Kukulkan more like a step pyramid of Egypt, and the Pyramid of the Moon is a combination of ladders and platforms.
At each of the pyramids, scientists measured the sounds that are heard at the base of buildings, when the ladder man rises. At both pyramids sound of raindrops and their frequencies were very similar. This led scientists to believe that "music" does not depend on the construction of the pyramid – no matter whether there is a cavity under the stairs or not. Perhaps the "rain effect" is created by the diffraction of sound waves, appearing due to a foot shock on corrugated surfaces. Part of the waves changes direction at the boundary of air and solid. A strong heterogeneity of the surface is so distorted wave that extends the stairs sound like the sound of rain.
It is believed that the pyramid of Kukulkan was devoted to the god Kukulkanu, who was at the Mayan one of the main deities. However, Cruz believes that this structure may also be the sanctuary of the god of rain Chaaka. Moreover, the mask Chaaka scientists found, and on top of the pyramid of Kukulkan, and on top of the pyramid of the moon. Kukulkan, the subject of the pyramid in Chichen Itza, the Maya considered a god of wind. According to one legend, he went before the god of rain and lightning Chaakom and clearing the land by the wind, helping to predict rainfall. Sometimes also called the god Kukulkan rain.
Pyramid – a musical instrument?
"You can imagine that the ancient pyramid – a unique musical instruments Maya", – said Cruz. However, the scientist noted that direct evidence of this theory is not. "Hits" on whether the Mayan pyramids specifically or is it a random effect, to prove at the moment impossible.
Discovery Cruise and De Clercq commented on the archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli (Francisco Estrada-Belli) from Boston University in Massachusetts: "Many, if not all of the Mayan pyramids were a sacred mountain on which the storm clouds gather and the rain poured out of the ground." However, despite the existing acoustic effect, which can serve as a metaphor of water, "the fact that around the pyramids there is an echo, does not mean that they were a musical instrument", – concluded the scientist. He added that in the texts of the Maya of this "rain effect" is not mentioned.